2. Bohai 2
In November of 1979, one of the most fatal oil rig disasters occurred off the coast of China in the Gulf of Bohai. Out of the 76 crew members on the rig, only four survived. Many quickly assume that fires and explosions are the main cause of oil rig disasters. However, for offshore rigs, severe weather could produce significant waves and put crew members in grave danger if the rig isn’t stable.
This was the case for the Bohai 2 rig, which was being towed to another location when an intense storm hit. Violent winds broke a ventilator pump, causing a puncture hole in the deck and flooding. Quickly, things went from bad to worse, and the rig capsized, killing nearly everyone on board.
After the catastrophe, reports stated that the crew members were not adequately trained in emergency evacuation procedures or the use of life-saving equipment. Investigators also found that the crew did not follow proper towing procedures because the operating instructions were in Japanese, not Chinese.